## Can a Liquid Freeze and Boil Simultaneously?

Witness the freezing and boiling of a liquid take place at the same time. A thorough explanation for this observation is found here.

## Which Equations Apply Only to Ideal Gases?

Students are sometimes unclear about which of the equations taught in the topic of Thermal Physics apply to ideal gases and which apply to all systems (whether ideal or real gas, even liquids and solid). The following table should help… Continue Reading

## 3 Common Dynamics Mistakes

After going through the topic of Dynamics in the A-level syllabus recently, it strikes me that there are several common mistakes or misconceptions that students whom I have taught over the years have always struggled with. I shall lay them… Continue Reading

Here are some interesting lecture demonstrations on adiabatic thermodynamic processes you can carry out. In an adiabatic process, there is no heat transfer between the system and other systems (including its environment.) According to the First Law of Thermodynamics ($$\Delta U=Q+W$$),… Continue Reading