[accordion title="1. Newton's Laws of Motion"]
- Newton's First Law: a body will remain in its state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line unless acted upon by a resultant force.
- Newton's Second Law: the rate of change of momentum of a body is proportional to the resultant force acting on it and the change takes place in the direction of the resultant force.
- in general
- when mass is constant.
- Newton's Third Law: if body A exerts a force on body B, then body B exerts an equal and opposite force on body A
[accordion title="2. Linear Momentum"]
- The linear momentum of a body is defined as the product of its mass and its velocity.
- Impulse is the product of the force acting on a body and the time interval during which the force is exerted. It is equal to the change in momentum of the body.
- For constant force, impulse =
- In general, impulse =
[accordion title="3. Collision Problems"]
- The principle of conservation of momentum states that the total momentum of a system of colliding objects remains constant provided no resultant external force acts on the system.
- Conservation of momentum applies to both elastic and inelastic collisions.
- Conservation of kinetic energy applies only to elastic collisions.
- Relative speed of approach = Relative speed of separation